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Distinction between Shabbat and Yom Tov By: Rabbi Shimon Isaacson
Rabbi Shimon Isaacson begins his Hilchot Shabbat class by introducing the mitzvah of Kavod Shabbat- honoring the Sabbath. This class is available online in streaming video, and for download in mp3 and ipod video formats.

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  • Avraham wrote on June, 18 2013 3:43 am

    I'll add my notes of the shiurim as I progress with them. The notes are NOT edited (don't want to spend too much time on this) but they might be helpful for people learning these shiurim. Shiur about Kavod Shabbos Rambam in hilchos Shabbos states that there are 4 mitzvos related to Shabbos 2 min hatorah and 2 derabanan - Torah : zachor & shamor - Derabanan: kavod & oneg Each mitzvas asei related to Shabbos will be categorized into one of the above Rambam: What is kavod ? - Cleaning oneself lichvod Shabbos - wearing tzitzis / bigdei lavan - Siting with intensity and anticipating for Shabbos (like waiting to greet an king) Also included in Kavod Shabbos : - one should wear clean and special clothing - one shouldn’t make a large seuda on erev Shabbos - Set table for Shabbos on erev Shabbos with lit candles and bed set Questions: - What is so special about “top 3” vs. “also included”? - Rambam refers to Shabbos as king (male) while shabbos is usually referred to as a queen (female)? - Rambam states that we should wait with intensity for Shabbos, where does the Rambam learn that from ? R’ Salvachick answers: There is a parallel between the “big 3” and hilchos tfilah. The Rambam states that there are 5 things that are miakev tfilah. Clean hands, kavanah, etc. What’s included in clean hands? Clean hands, feet, and face. What’s included in Kavana? Removing foreign thoughts and imagining oneself in front of the shchina. Therefore one should contemplate before daving . These halachos are similar to the halachos of shabbos above. We see this concept in tzitzis as well: One should try to wear tzitzis even though he doesn’t have to (if he is not wearing a 4 cornered garment). But in time of davening one should be more meticulous since it is improper for a righteous person to daven without tzitzis (same concept as Shabbos where prep includes wearing tzitzis). Tfila is an engagement between man and the shchina which is similar to Shabbos which is an engagement with the shchina. This explains King vs. Queen. Shabbos is referred to as Shabbos Hamalka but the Rambam is referring to the shchina which is usually referred to as king. This also explains where the Rambam gets the idea of koved rosh ( we are getting ready for the shchina). Halach Limaaseh concepts: One should wake up early and prepare for Shabbos. Even if one has servants, one should still prepare for Shabbos (be involved with it). Is kavod Shabbos is hechsher mitzvah? Is hechsher mitzvah a mitzvah or a necessary part of preparing for the mitzvah (but not a mitzvah within itself)? The shulchan oruch is telling us that it is a mitzvah in itself which is why one should not rely solely on his servants to prepare. Same idea with hilchos sukkah. It says “basukos teshvu shivas yomim” and “ chag hasukos taaseh lecha”. We learn that there is a mitzvah to make the sukkah and to sit in it (one would’ve thought that preparing the sukkah is only a hechsher mitzvah). There are 2 type of hechsher mitzvah. One which is mentioned in the torah (like in the case of preparing a shukkah) and one which is not mentioned specifically but which is necessary to fulfill the mitzvah (buying a lulav to have for the chag). Preparing for Shabbos is not just hechsher mitzvah but “vlikdosh hashem mechubad” one should get ready for Shabbos, so it is a mitzvah in itself (one therefore shouldn’t rely on others to do the mitzvah since mitzvah bo yoter mishlucho).

    • Avraham wrote on June, 18 2013 3:52 am

      sorry, format is problematic... I'll post my note through facebook from now on.

  Class Information
Class: Hilchot Shabbat

Added: October 16, 2007

Class Number: 1 of 17

Time: 47:56

Topics: Halacha / Hilchot Shabbat / Shabbat


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